Dry eye disease is a condition in which the eyes become dry and irritated due to a lack of proper lubrication. Symptoms of dry eye disease include but are not limited to:
It is important to get a full eye examination as many of the symptoms of dry eyes are also symptom of other eye conditions that may require immediate treatment.
Dry eye disease is caused by the lack of proper lubrication to the eye, usually provided by tears. Healthy tears consist of a layer of oil, water, and mucus that work together to keep the eye moist, prevent evaporation, and provide even coverage. Tears nourish, protect the surface of the eye, and are crucial in maintaining healthy eyes. The 2 main attributing factors in tears that lead to dry eye disease include the amount of tears and the quality of tears.
Tear production naturally decreases with age. When combined with various medical conditions, tear quantity can drop enough to negatively impact the eye. Some medications, including decongestants, hormone replacement therapy, and birth control, may affect the production of tears. Damage to the tear ducts, infection, or radiation may also inhibit the production of tears.
Even if you produce enough tears to properly lubricate your eyes, the quality of tears may be insufficient in maintaining a nourishing and protective cover. An imbalance in the composition of your tears can lead to dry eyes. For example, if there isn’t enough oil available to cover the water layer, then the water begins to evaporate at a much faster rate. Extraneous factors, such as wind, smoke, and dry air, may also contribute to tear evaporation. Physical complications, such as not blinking enough, also contribute to dry eyes.
Visiting Eye Care One for treatment is imperative if you suffer from dry eye disease. If left unchecked, excessive dry eye disease can lead to infection, physical damage to the eye, vision problems, and an overall lower quality of life. Treatment for dry eye disease depends on how severely you are afflicted with the condition. Store-bought eye drops may provide proper treatment for mild cases, while more persistent cases may require closer inspection. Factors that may affect your eyes must be examined and, if possible, dealt with. For instance, if a certain medication causes dry eyes, your eye doctor will recommend you stop using it.
Other medications for dry eye disease include a variety of eye drops designed to control inflammation or stimulate tear production, or eye inserts that act as artificial tears. Furthermore, some treatments may involve procedures that consist of closing tear ducts to reduce tear loss, light therapy and massage, and warm massage to unblock oil glands. The eye care professionals at Eye Care One are your best resource on treatment of dry eye disease, so call to book an appointment today.
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