Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, a disease that causes vision loss, is a condition that comes with the aging process. It’s the leading cause of vision loss for Americans over the age of 55, affecting over 10 million Americans. Macular degeneration can be detected with regular eye exams, and treatments can help slow the degenerative nature of the disease. Those in the Augusta, Georgia, Beaufort, South Carolina or Aiken, South Carolina, who over the age of 55, should visit Eye Care One to be examined for macular degeneration.

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

As you age, the part of the eye that sees fine detail, the macula, begins to deteriorate. If left unchecked, this disease will cause loss of vision. There are 2 forms of macular degeneration: dry and wet.

What is dry macular degeneration?

A common form of eye disease for seniors, dry macular degeneration is a progressive condition that causes blurred or impaired central vision. This occurs due to the cells within the macula breaking down over time. Dry macular degeneration can affect 1 or both eyes and cause your vision to gradually decline over time. Approximately 85-90% of macular degeneration is classified as “dry.”

What is wet macular degeneration?

Affecting about 10-15% of all macular degeneration cases, wet macular degeneration is a disease that causes blurred vision, or a literal blind spot in your field of vision. It is caused by blood vessels that leaks fluid or blood into the macula. Wet macular degeneration is the more severe disease between the 2 types of degenerations due to the rapid nature of degeneration.

What are symptoms of macular degeneration?

Common symptoms of macular degeneration include but are not limited to:

  • Blurred vision
  • A blind spot in the field of vision
  • Reduced clarity in 1 or both eyes
  • Visual distortion
  • Colors seeming dull
  • Difficulty recognizing faces

What are the risk factors for macular degeneration?

The biggest risk factor for macular degeneration is age. As the body ages, cells begin to break down and risk of disease increases. Some other risk factors are genetics, race, and health. Those people with a family history of macular degeneration are more at risk to develop the disease. Caucasians are more likely to develop this disease versus African-American or Hispanics. Smoking can up to double your risk of developing this condition. Weight and health also play factors in developing macular degeneration, as obesity may push intermediate forms of the disease to more severe forms.

How is macular degeneration treated?

There is no treatment to stop the progression of dry macular degeneration. If detected early, steps can be made to slow the progress of the disease, such as taking vitamins, eating healthy, and not smoking. Treatment for wet macular degeneration consists of slowing the progression of the disease and preserving vision if detected early enough. While medication may be used to stop the growth of the blood vessels that lead to wet macular degeneration, other treatments include:

  • Light therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Low vision adaptive rehabilitation

While options are available to slow the disease, they are not true cures. The best way to prevent macular degeneration from getting worse is to get your eyes examined. Make your appoint at Eye Care One today.


Eye Care One accepts the following insurances and many more. Please call our office to confirm that our office accepts your insurance.

Blue Cross
Davis Vision
First Choice Health
March Vision Care
Tricare Prime

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